Bundestag Visitor Centre, Berlin
Client: Deutscher Bundestag
Status: Competition Entry
The building is conceived as a contemporary pavillion set within a clearing of trees in the parkscape of the Tiergarten. The concept of a pavilion in the landscape reflects the building’s scale and setting but also follows a long tradition of urban design in Berlin originally conceived by K F Schinkel in his urban design philosophy of creating a landscape punctuated by singular architectural monuments as opposed to the principal 19th Century urban design philosophy of unifying spatial design. The building form is composed of two main elements: a rotunda and portico. Formed entirely from the Silesian Sandstone of the Reichstag, the three storey columned rotunda stands on a deep base that follows the circular form before straightening into a single level piered entrance portico aligned to the 'allees' that bound the site. As such the entrance portico addresses and opens onto all three routes through the park, with its entrance facing onto their intersection and the north west elevation, parallel to Simson-weg, angled to face the Reichstag. The portico provides a sheltered and secure portal into the base of the rotunda. From here, emerging from the base and visible through the columns of the rotunda, a rising circular path provides the principal circulation, information and exhibition space whilst providing views out to the landscape and context beyond as it climbs around the walls of the building’s circular inner core housing the cinema. The path arrives at the top of the building at the door to the inner core’s plenary forum and ends at the restaurant which wraps around the rotunda to offer a place to eat, relax and enjoy views over Platz de Republik and the Reichstag beyond.
View from the rotunda towards the Reichstag.
Left: The Reichstag building between 1890 and 1905. Right:The eastern half of Platz der Republik (previously Königsplatz), with Palais Raczynski, later demolished to give way for the Reichstag Building. The photograph was Taken around 1880
Maps from 1902 showing the, then, Königsplatz and the north end of Tiergarten with its historic avenues. The competition site is marked in red. The plan on the right shows the circular format motif which prevailed the design of the Tiergarten.
Design Development Diagrams
Proposed Site Plan
Proposed Site Section
Security / Sustainability / Use Diagrams